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Monday, August 29, 2011

Joseph Cirincione: Lessons of Hiroshima and Fukushima (Kyodo) ジョセフ・シリンシオーネ:「フクシマとヒロシマの教訓」(共同)

共同通信の英語版のサイトに8月9日に掲載された、ジョセフ・シリンシオーネ氏(プラウシェア財団会長)による論説文の日本語訳を紹介します。(翻訳 長谷三知子)Here is a Japanese translation (by Michiko Hase) of Joseph Cirincione's opinion article that appeared on the English-language website of Kyodo News Agency on August 9.

Joseph Cirincione (写真はウィキペディアより)













核政策を扱う財団、プラウシェアズ財団会長。著書に ''Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons" (『爆弾の恐怖: 核兵器の歴史と未来』)がある。

訳者からひと言:英語の原文では一貫して”nuclear power”が使われていますが、日本での慣用表現にしたがい、「原子力」と訳しました。ただ、冒頭の文章にある”nuclear technology”は、文章が「原発」と「原爆」の両方に言及しているため、またこの論説の論旨からして、「核=原子力技術」としました。

(翻訳 長谷三知子)

OPINION: Lessons of Fukushima and Hiroshima

By Joseph Cirincione

TOKYO, Aug. 9, Kyodo

Sixty-six years and 800 kilometers separate the disasters at Fukushima and Hiroshima. But the lesson is the same: nuclear technology is inherently dangerous whether in a nuclear power plant or a nuclear bomb.
Fukushima showed us that nuclear power is neither cheap nor clean. The multiple nuclear meltdowns are one of the most expensive man-made disasters in history. It will take decades and billions of dollars to control, cool and seal the reactors.

Radioactive contamination has shown up in milk, meat and urine many kilometers from the disaster site. In the end, officials will likely be forced to bury the reactors in tombs of sand and concrete that will dot the Japanese shoreline for centuries in mute testimony to industrial and government folly.

Hiroshima demonstrated that science had mastered the basic energy force of the universe, but not our basic instincts. Rather than heed the popular pleas to ban atomic bombs -- including from many of the American scientists that built the first bombs -- the United States, Russia and other nations made thousands more.
Forty years later, in 1986, there were almost 70,000 hydrogen and atomic bombs in the world -- enough to destroy life on Earth hundreds of times over.

The good news is that we are moving towards more sane policies on nuclear power and nuclear weapons. The Japanese people are demanding that their government reconsider the entire national energy program. Governments in Germany, Switzerland and other countries have canceled new reactors. And the rising cost of nuclear power has effectively killed the ''nuclear renaissance,'' encouraging new investments in safer, cleaner energy sources.

There is also great progress on nuclear weapons. Since 1986, we have cut global nuclear arsenals by more than 70 percent, down to about 20,000 weapons.

More cuts are coming as security officials increasingly recognize that nuclear weapons are a liability not a security asset. Many world leaders, including in America and Japan, now seek ''the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons,'' as President Barack Obama has said.

There is great resistance to these changes, however. Those that benefit financially or politically from the existing system will fight to keep their jobs and profits. Our great new ally, ironically, is the global financial crisis. Tighter budgets encourage security leaders to abandon obsolete and expensive nuclear programs in order to preserve the conventional military weapons they actually need. We already see this occurring in the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom.

The next two decades are likely to see nations continue to move away from the false paths charted at Hiroshima and Fukushima and towards more rational security and energy strategies.

(Joseph Cirincione is president of Ploughshares Fund, a nuclear policy foundation, and author of ''Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons.'')


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